How to Get New Pool Water in Safe Swimming Condition

Congratulations! You have a new pool! Whether it’s a fiberglass pool, vinyl liner pool or concrete pool, you will want to get the water perfectly balanced before you do your first cannonball. This process will take two to three weeks.

(This post How to Get New Pool Water in Safe Swimming Condition first appeared on SFGate.)

Things You Will Need

  • Nylon pool brush
  • Water test kit
  • Baking soda
  • Muriatic acid
  • Sequestering agent
  • Chlorine

Steps:

  1. Turn on the pool pump and filtration system. Allow it to run continuously until the pool is clean and the chemicals are balanced.
  2. Test the pool water for pH, chlorine and total alkalinity. A variety of test kits are available at any pool store.
  3. Adjust the pH until it is between 6.8 and 7.2. Bring up a low pH rating by adding baking soda or lower a high pH with muriatic acid diluted in water. These chemicals also affect the total alkalinity, which should be between 70 and 80. Ensure that both pH and total alkalinity are within the desired parameters.
  4. Add a sequestering agent according to package directions. Sequestering agents suspend metal particles in solution and help to prevent staining or scaling.
  5. Allow two days for the pool balance to settle. Keep the pump running and test the pool water daily.
  6. Add chlorine until the chlorine level is between 1.0 and 2.0. Although some sources allow chlorine levels as high as 3.5, this may be irritating to skin and eyes. Allow 24 hours for the pool chemicals to stabilize.
  7. Raise the pH to between 7.2 and 7.8. The ideal pH is 7.4 to 7.6, but slight leeway is acceptable. Raising the pH will raise the total alkalinity, which should read between 80 and 120 in concrete pools and 125 to 170 in vinyl, fiberglass or painted pools.

Tips

  • As you’re conditioning the new water, brush all parts of the pool twice per day with a nylon brush. Pay particular attention to corners and crevices where dust and debris hide. Continue brushing twice per day until the pool chemicals are balanced and the pool is ready for swimming.
  • Use a manual pool skimmer daily to remove floating debris.
  • Wait 30 days to turn on a salt-based cleaning system, turn on a pool heater or begin using a pool vacuum. Wait 21 days before installing an automatic pool cleaner. The waiting period gives the pool’s finish time to cure, avoiding possible damage.
  • Consider adding an algaecide after all other pool chemicals are balanced. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding the proper amount to add and how long to wait before swimming.

Warnings

  • Pool chemicals are extremely caustic. Use gloves and goggles when handling chemicals. Wear old clothes and avoid adding chemicals during windy conditions. Tightly seal chemical containers and store them away from pets and children.
  • Do not “shock” or overchlorinate the pool except under the guidance of a professional.

(This post How to Get New Pool Water in Safe Swimming Condition first appeared on SFGate.)

 

Here’s two final things to keep in mind, from pHin’s resident water chemist, Christian Ballard elaborates:

  • Monitoring the water chemistry at least once per day for the first two to three weeks is crucial to preserving the surface and related plumbing and equipment. (Emphasis for cementitious (plaster/pebble, etc.) on the importance of brushing at least twice daily.)
  • The surface is curing for up to 21 – days and lots of dusting and various minerals rise to the surface of the finish. Very important to disrupt the dust by brushing to prevent buildup and blemishes.

4 Tips For a Killer Pool Party

4 Tips For a Killer Pool Party. Pool season is here and, for pool owners, that means parties and events centered around the pool. When the weather gets hotter, there’s no better place to cool down and relax than in the water. But, like any other gathering, preparing for a pool party can be stressful. Trying to figure out what to do and the right way to do it can be confusing. Here are four tips to get you on the right track.

1.  Prepare the Pool

Perhaps the most important aspect of any pool party is making sure your pool is safe and ready for guests. The day of the party, you want to sweep it and clear it of any debris. Check your filter and skimmer to make sure they are clean and running well. A few days before the party, check the water chemicals and make any necessary adjustments to make sure the water is safe for swimmers. This is especially true for shocking your pool, as the chemicals are harmful if people jump into the water too soon after a shock treatment. You also want to check the chemical balance the day after your pool party, because the oils from multiple people in the water can offset the water chemistry.

2. Set Up Decorations

Decorations set the whole mood of a party; they decide the theme, tone, and general aesthetic of the event. The type and style of decorations you choose depends on the type of party you’re throwing. It’s a good idea to set a theme, as that can make picking out decorations easier. Your decorations will also depend on your audience. If your party-goers are adults, then your theme may be more laid back and quiet, whereas if you’re throwing a pool party for kids, your theme will most likely consist of brighter colors and characters. Whoever your audience is, pick a theme that is fun, yet simple.

3. Provide Proper Food and Beverages

No party is complete without refreshments. You may wish to align your food and drink with the theme you’ve set for your party, but it’s important to remember that you’ll want a variety of both. Consider any dietary restrictions your guests may have and plan accordingly. You don’t want to serve nothing but meat dishes if there are any vegetarians attending the party. Lemonades and teas are a great choice for a refreshing summer beverage and perfect for a pool party. Also, make sure to have plenty of water, as the heat combined with swimming can make it easier to become dehydrated. If hosting little ones, popsicles are a great way to keep kids hydrated. Set up food and drink stations so your guests have easy access to refreshments.

4. Take Safety Precautions

While not something you generally take into consideration at any other type of party, at a pool party, safety is a must. The first thing to consider if there are children present is assigning water monitors. You always want at least one adult keeping a close eye on young swimmers. If you wish, you can even contact your local lifeguard association or YMCA to see they’ll allow you to hire a lifeguard.

Make sure you have flotation devices (floaties, pool noodles, etc.) for children and poor swimmers. Be sure to provide sunscreen for yourself and guests. Set up shady areas for when swimmers leave the water. Keep a first aid kit on hand, including aloe for any sunburns that may pop up. As for the pool itself, check it for any potential dangers before and during the party. Keep an eye out for potential slip or trip hazards and make sure any pool additions are in proper condition so as to avoid possible injury to your guests.

If you’re looking for an easy way to ensure the water in your pool or hot tub stays balanced, consider a pHin smart monitor. This device constantly monitors your water and automatically sends you exactly what you need to keep the water in your pool and hot tub healthy. If you’re looking for someone to service your equipment, Pool Service on Demand instantly connects you to local, qualified pool techs.

Our 5 Favorite Hot Tubs Seen Online

Our 5 Favorite Hot Tubs Seen Online. A relaxing soak in your hot tub after a hard day in the office can be the perfect way to wind down. We took an Internet tour of hundreds of hot tubs to find 5 we would love to try.   

  1. Wooden Hot Tubs

If you want a touch of charm with your hot tub, a wooden model makes a great choice. Cedar wood is the most popular choice, as it resists decay and rot. Sizes vary dramatically, from small, two-person tubs to models that comfortably seat six.

Water heating options include electricity, gas, and wood. Wood-heated tubs are more portable and easier to set up, but electric and gas models are popular choices for their simplicity.

  1. The Soup Bowl Hot Tub

Soup bowl hot tubs got their names after what else, soup bowls. These wood-heated tubs originated in the Netherlands and are becoming popular in the United States. Since this portable tub uses no electricity, installation is simple and inexpensive. Despite its name, we do not recommend it for cooking!  

  1. Vinylester Floating Hot Tub

If you dream of floating in water on water, you’ll love this hot tub. It’s actually a boat with a built-in hot tub resting in the center of the boat for stability. The tub is 8′ long, 4′ wide, and 24″ deep to comfortably hold six adults.

This hot tub design is perfect for entertaining. The deck includes two 50-watt speakers, four ice chests, and a joystick for steering the boat while relaxing in the tub.

  1. Two-tier, Entertainment Center Hot Tub

This enormous hot tub holds over 2,600 gallons of water and includes 130 jets and nine water pumps. The entire tub covers two decks and includes its own bar, a flat screen TV, and a built-in stereo system.

The two decks effectively create two hot tubs. The larger portion includes powerful jets that create a current for bathers to swim against.

  1. Inflatable Hot Tubs

Inflatable hot tubs are relatively new but growing quickly in popularity. You can set one up just about anywhere and, obviously, easily transport them. Such tubs comfortably seat four adults, although many claim to seat six (technically true, but the operative word is “comfortable”). Note: Not recommended in temperatures under 40 degrees.

If you want to keep the water in your hot tub balanced year round, consider a pHin smart monitor. This little device constantly monitors your water and alerts your smartphone when you need to balance your water. It even tells you what chemicals to add and how much. And if you ever need help with your equipment or hot tub vessel, try Pool Service on Demand to get local, qualified help.

 

Mid-winter Pool Check: Is Your Pool Balanced?

You packed away the pool toys and haven’t washed a swimsuit in months. Your pool is the last thing on your mind. Before you let this no-maintenance approach drag all the way through to spring, remember this: You will want to swim in your pool again, and sooner than you think!

Sure, when the water feels like something only a polar bear would love, it’s hard to envision fun in the sun and lounging poolside. However, summer is just around the corner. A little TLC now makes opening your pool a breeze, and may save you some money to boot.

Check the Pool Cover First

Clear the debris from your pool cover, using either brush or air blower to get rid of twigs, leaves, branches, and anything else that is littering the cover. Your goal is keeping these items from slipping into the water (the whole reason you have the cover to begin with).

You may clear away standing water and snow, but leave ice alone. The ice does less damage to the cover than your attempts to clear it away do.

Look at the cover for damage. Patch anything you can. If repairs are beyond your abilities, look at repositioning the cover (if possible) to arrange damaged areas closer to the pool’s edge.

Check the water level once the cover is clear. It needs to be below the skimmer box, and it definitely should not reach the top of the edge of your pool. The cover should protect the pool water from evaporation, but a slightly lower level is normal. However, if the level drops significantly, you may have a leak.

Finally, perform a water chemistry test, looking at alkalinity, calcium, and pH, and make any necessary adjustments.

Balancing the Pool Water

Even during winter months, your pool’s water chemistry fluctuates. Temperatures rise and fall; even with a cover in place, foreign items find their way into your pool.

Balanced chemistry does more than make the water safe for swimmers; it also protects your pool, as well as its components and equipment. You run the risk of staining the surface and calcium buildup when you fail to maintain proper chemical balance. This means ensuring proper alkalinity, calcium hardness, and pH levels.

Total Alkalinity

Alkalinity relates to your pH level, and measures all alkaline substances, including bicarbonates and hydroxides. Ideal alkalinity helps your pool water fight pH variations.

For a concrete or gunite pool, shoot for an alkalinity level between 80 and 120 ppm. Vinyl, fiberglass, and painted pools require 125 to 170 ppm. If alkalinity is low, add a base such as sodium bicarbonate. With high alkalinity, lower it with acid.

Water Calcium

Water contains calcium carbonate, and high levels result in “hard” water. When water contains excess calcium and magnesium, it attempts to get rid of these excess minerals.

If you have hard water, you see evidence of this throughout your home: the white deposits at the end of faucets, the buildup in showers and bathtubs. This same buildup occurs in your pool, on tiles, ladders, and pool lights. When water is extremely hard, it forms little clumps of these calcium magnesium crystals.

Too little calcium is hardly better, as your pool water attempts to find what it’s missing from your pool, such as the plaster. Shoot for a range between 200 and 400 ppm. Reduce calcium by adding more water to the pool. Increase it with calcium chloride.

Water pH

Your pool water’s pH tells you how acidic it is, with 7.0 being neutral. Numbers below 7.0 indicate acidic, while above 7.0 represents alkaline (also known as basic) water. Any item entering your pool affects its pH level.

To change the pH of your pool, you need to add either an increaser (base) or decreaser (acid) to reach the ideal pH level of 7.4, although the range of 7.2 to 7.6 is acceptable.

If your pH test reveals a number below 7.0, prevent corrosion by adding base. If the level tops 7.8, adding acid helps prevent calcium buildup on the filter and tile. It also helps keep the water clear and improves the effectiveness of your chlorine.

Although you may not use your pool in the winter, it is important to keep the water healthy. Once a pool gets out of balance, it’s a lot harder and more expensive to get it balanced again. Keep it healthy, make your pool happy.

Maintaining Your Pool and Hot Tub Year-Round

The easiest way to maintain proper balance year-round is with a pHin smart monitor. This little device constantly monitors your water and automatically sends you exactly what you need to keep the water in your pool and hot tub healthy. If you’re looking for someone to service your equipment, Pool Service on Demand instantly connects you to local, qualified pool techs.

When Is It Time to Replace Your Pool and Hot Tub Maintenance Tools?

When Is It Time to Replace Your Pool and Hot Tub Maintenance Tools? Pools and hot tubs are a lot of fun, but they come with a variety of expenses. One of these is the tools to maintain them, including the brush, skimmer, and vacuum.

Nature does a real number on these supplies, whether it’s the water in your pool or the sun’s relentless UV rays. Of course, cold temperatures also damage these items, especially if you didn’t properly store them before winter struck.

Your pool and hot tub brush probably absorbs the most damage, because it gets a lot of tough use. After all, to be effective at its job, it needs you to apply a good amount of pressure. If you follow the advice of experts and brush at least once a week, those bristles eventually fray and become damaged. Another vulnerable spot is where the brush connects to the pole, especially on units that allow you to swap out a brush, skimmer, and vacuum head.

Proper care of these items ensures you get the most out of your investment.

Store Your Pool and Hot Tub Maintenance Tools

The safest way to care for your pool and hot tub equipment is with a storage unit. This keeps your tools out of the damaging sun and rain, protecting the plastic components from drying out and cracking, thereby extending the life of your maintenance supplies.

You want to use a storage device that allows water to drain away from your tools, as allowing them to sit in puddled pool water is a shortcut to mildew and mold, especially on the brush and skimmer. It’s best to find a way to hang these items instead.

This is also a safety measure for you and your family, as the brush in particular does quite a bit of damage to an errant bare foot.

If you’ve properly stored your pool and hot tub chemicals, this same location offers the perfect spot for your maintenance tools as well. If you have not, proper storage of your chemicals is essential to protect your children, pets, and property. These are extremely hazardous materials; treat them accordingly.

Preparing Your Maintenance Tools for Winter

Some tools require an extra bit of preparation when the time comes to close your pool. This includes anything that uses a hose, such as the vacuum.

Before storing, drain as much water as possible out of the vacuum and hose. If your area experiences hard freezes, this can damage the components and hose. In general, you want to leave the hose uncoiled. It may even be easier to take the hose apart.

After you drain the residual water, lay the hose flat and fully extended in the sun, which should help dry it entirely before you place it in storage. Once you perform these steps, your vacuum is ready to go into storage, fresh for the next pool season.

Metal or Plastic: Which Lasts Longer?

Most plastic tools (brushes and nets) are not as durable as aluminum, however, there are some newer plastic products that are superior to aluminum.

Of course, the poles are nearly always aluminum, but the components of your skimmer, brush, and vacuum are often plastic. This can’t be helped, but whenever possible, in general, choose models that contain more metal components than plastic ones.

Maintaining Your Pool and Hot Tub Year-Round

If you’re looking for an easy way to ensure the water in your pool or hot tub stays balanced no matter what time of year it is, consider a pHin smart monitor. This little device constantly monitors your water and automatically sends you exactly what you need to keep the water in your pool and hot tub healthy. If you’re looking for someone to service your equipment, Pool Service on Demand instantly connects you to local, qualified pool techs.

4 Benefits of Enzymes for Pool Care You Didn’t Know

The typical pool care routine requires numerous chemicals, including sanitizers, oxidizers, and algaecides. Used in conjunction with brushing, skimming, and vacuuming, your pool or hot tub stays sparkling clean.

A little known secret among pool aficionados is the use of enzymes when caring for their pool or hot tub. 

What Are Enzymes?

Enzymes Are Biological Molecules

An enzyme is a protein that speeds up chemical reactions without being destroyed or altered in the process. Enzymes break down organic waste by accelerating the decay process and converting the organic matter to carbon dioxide. Pairing them with other chemicals, such as surfactants and sanitizers, lifts materials from the pool bottom and walls and keeps the pool clean. While enzymes are compatible with all available sanitizers, they are sensitive to, and can be destroyed by, high levels of bromine and chlorine. It is important to note that, since enzymes are biological molecules, they do not do well in severe heat or cold and have a shelf life. Storing your pool enzymes at the proper temperature (when in doubt, the home is always a good option) keeps them fresh for about a year.

Natural and Synthetic Enzymes

There are two types of enzyme: natural and synthetic. Natural enzymes form through fermentation, while synthetic enzymes are manufactured. The biggest difference between the two is the range of use. Natural enzymes break down a wider variety of organic material, whereas synthetic enzymes are more specific in what they can break down and are less stable than natural ones. Both are viable products with specific uses.

Specific Enzymes

Since enzymes occur both naturally and in a lab, you must understand which works best for a particular purpose. When using enzymes in a hot tub, their main target is biological waste. In a swimming pool, enzymes treat both biological and environmental components. Use the right enzyme for the particular body of water.

4 Reasons to Use Enzymes In Pool And Hot Tub Care

  1. Enzymes Can Be Versatile

While it is true that enzymes mainly break down organic material, they can be incredibly versatile in their functions. In fact, enzymes can handle several tasks in a single treatment. Although their primary purpose is to break down organic waste such as sweat, mucus, and body oils, they can also restore clarity without the addition of any specific clarifiers. Enzymes can also reduce the possibility of any unscheduled sanitizer dosing.

  1. Enzymes Reduce Cleaning

Cleaning a pool or hot tub requires continuous maintenance (adding chemicals, brushing, filter cleaning, etc.), and enzymes can greatly reduce the amount of cleaning needed. By adding enzymes as part of your regular pool maintenance, you enjoy superior water clarity and prevent scum lines. When the enzymes break down the organic material, scum lines are less likely to form, and the water becomes clearer. Enzymes also increase a filter’s run cycle, as they break down any organic waste before it has a chance to build up on the filter.

  1. Enzymes Save Time

Adding enzymes to your pool maintenance routine can greatly reduce the amount of time spent cleaning your pool or hot tub. With less organic material floating around, clogging the filter, or causing buildup on the floors and walls, there is less work necessary. This is not to say that you should perform maintenance less often. What it does mean is that, when you do, it won’t take nearly as long since less work is necessary. Enzymes allow you to clean your pool better and faster.

  1. Enzymes Are Safe

Perhaps the most important aspect of any pool-cleaning product is its safety. After all, no one wants to swim in an unsafe or unhealthy pool. Not only are enzymes completely safe for humans, animals, and plants, but they may actually make your pool safer as well. In addition to enzymes removing organic waste, they can reduce pool shocking and the addition of other chemicals by up to 50 percent.

If you want to ensure the water in your pool or hot tub stays balanced, consider a pHin smart monitor. This little device constantly monitors your water and automatically sends you the exact chemicals you need to keep the water in your pool and hot tub healthy. If you need someone to service your equipment, Pool Service on Demand instantly connects you to local, qualified pool techs.

When is the Right Time to Open Your Swimming Pool?

With many parts of the country still experiencing cold weather and snow, it might seem like a strange time to think about opening your pool. Many pool owners debate the optimal time to open their pool. Often, the conclusion is that, if the water isn’t warm enough for swimming, then it’s okay to wait. Not true.

Spring and the warmer temperatures it brings can sneak up on you, wreaking havoc on your pool. It is often better to prepare for swim season earlier rather than later. Here are a few guidelines to help you open your pool at the optimal time.

When to Open Your Pool

There is no definitive date as to when you should open your pool. It varies from place to place, so the best thing to do is pay attention to the weather. The recommended time to open up your pool is when temperatures in your area consistently hit 70 degrees. While 70 degrees isn’t exactly swim weather, these temperatures can promote algae growth. This can be especially problematic if you use a mesh pool cover, as the water will get plenty of sunlight. Another thing to keep in mind as the weather warms is the growth season, which can bring pollen into your pool. However, with your filter and pump running, you can prevent algae growth and pollen collection, making sure your pool stays a pool instead of turning into a backyard swamp.

Opening Heated Pools vs. Non-heated Pools

When it comes to a heated pool versus a non-heated pool, the consensus for opening either remains the same. However, 70 degrees may only be maintenance weather for a non-heated pool, while it can be swim weather for a heated one. This doesn’t mean you should open a heated pool earlier, however. Freezing temperatures and snow can still affect a heated pool. It is still ideal to wait for consistent 70-degree weather before opening your pool, even if it is heated.

Watching the Weather

As stated, weather consistency is important when it comes to opening your pool. You don’t want to open your pool after a few days of warm weather, only to receive heavy snowfall the next day. We’ve already seen temperatures rise for a day or two and then plummet in places like Chicago and New York, so make sure that the warm weather is there to stay. Keep an eye on your local weather forecast to help determine the right time to open your pool. Put history on your side as well by noting the average temperatures in your region by month. If the averages temperature for a certain time of year is 55 degrees, yet it has surpassed 70 for the last week, it’s best to avoid assuming that the great weather is there to stay.

Things to Consider

When deciding whether it’s the right time to open your pool, keep the following things in mind:

  • Expenses: Opening a pool too late can cause the need for extra cleaning and maintenance before use. Consider the cost of the additional chemicals to properly clean and prepare your pool.
  • Aesthetic: Keeping your pool covered can prevent your yard and landscaping from looking their best. Think about how much better it would look to have a clean, open pool.
  • Use: Whether your pool is heated or non-heated, it is ideal to open it at least three weeks before you intend to use it. It is important that your water is clean and clear before swimming.

If you’re looking for an easy way to ensure the water in your pool or hot tub stays balanced no matter what time of year it is, consider a pHin smart monitor. This little device constantly monitors your water and automatically sends you exactly what you need to keep the water in your pool or hot tub healthy. If you’re looking for someone to service your equipment, Pool Service on Demand instantly connects you to local, qualified pool techs.

How Unhealthy Pool Water Can Spell Disaster for Your Wallet

How Unhealthy Pool Water Can Spell Disaster for Your Wallet

Proper maintenance of your pool or hot tub is fundamental to ensuring the health and safety of those who use it. Avoiding murky water, algae bloom build-up, and pH imbalance is a difficult, and often confusing process. The basic chemical components involved in keeping your water healthy are a sanitizer, pH adjusters, shock and a mineral purifier that prevents algae growth. Additionally, knowing when, where, and how to apply these chemicals to your pool can be a real challenge, especially when there might be eager swimmers waiting to dive in.

Preventative maintenance is particularly important in keeping your pool or hot tub in a healthy state. Neglecting the chemical balance of a pool can be detrimental to its health. Inaction can exacerbate existing water safety issues and lead to extremely high costs associated with remedying the condition of the pool water later on. Abnormally high or low temperatures can further complicate this already arduous process, as compensation for unusual temperature conditions requires additional chemical adjustment. Ultimately, maintaining your pool properly can be a laborious process.

Out-of-Balance Water, Out-of-Pocket Expense

Common pool care mistakes can substantially reduce the lifespan of your pool. According to an CNBC article, they may cut it by as much as 50%! Not to mention the cost to replace the damaged equipment or fix the pool itself. For example, a heater attacked by corrosive, acidic water can cost over $2,000 to replace. Resurfacing your pool can cost $4,000 and more to replace. A pool or hot tub with a high pH can create a scale-forming water condition, which can cause rough surfaces from the mineral deposits coming out of solution and scale deposits building up in the plumbing and equipment. Again, this can cost hundreds to thousands of dollars to remedy.

A Well-Maintained Pool Gives You Peace of Mind…And Your Wallet A Break

Typically, pool or hot tub care is a demanding and equally exhausting experience. If not maintained properly, a pool can end up harming swimmers as well as the pool owner’s wallet. Preventative care is necessary to escape the hardship of an unhealthy and imbalanced pool. Luckily, pHin is here to help. pHin monitors your water chemistry and temperature 24/7 so you don’t have to. It notifies your smartphone when action is needed and even tells you how to keep your water perfectly balanced all year long.

pHin chemical subscription members can enjoy the added convenience of single-dose, pre-measured chemicals delivered to your door so you can only add what you need. Your Starter box comes with the smart monitor, free mobile app, wireless bridge and even a mineral purifier* to reduce the amount of chemicals needed to balance your water. Just the mineral purifier alone retails for over $60. Our pool experts estimate that using the pHin smart water care solution with its unique chemical delivery membership can can help you save 1/3 of your annual cost.**

ORDER YOUR pHin NOW!

*Pool subscription members only.

**Estimate is based on annual pHin monitoring, recommendations and door-to-door chemical delivery for chlorine pools. Your estimated savings will depend on which pHin solution you choose.    

Your Guide to Opening Your Swimming Pool

Your Guide to Opening Your Swimming Pool

With parts of the country still experiencing snow and freezing temperatures, the thought of opening your pool may be the furthest thing from your mind. However, the warm temperatures of spring arrive before you know it, and they wreak havoc on your pool. It makes sense to prepare for swim season early.

When the weather warms up into the 70’s or warmer, using the following guidelines to walk you through opening your pool for the new swim season.

Step 1: Clean the Cover

If you use a winter pool cover, the first step is clearing it of debris and standing water.

For a significant amount of water, use a submersible cover pump. However, do not set it in place and walk away. You need to stop the pump while a small amount of water remains on the cover; otherwise, your pump can burn out. Unless you want to dump a bunch of debris-filled water into your pool, do not remove the cover with standing water on it.

To remove debris, use your pool brush, skimmer net, or a leaf blower.

Step 2: Remove and Clean the Pool Cover

Once you clear the cover, remove it from the pool. Next, lay it flat on the ground and wash it, using a mild soap, water, and soft brush or cloth. Before storing the cover for the swim season, allow it to dry completely.

Step 3: Check and Adjust the Water Level

Check the pool’s water level. Ideally, it reaches the midway point on the skimmer. If it’s too low, add water using your garden hose.

Step 4: Reconnect the Plumbing

If you installed winter plugs, go ahead and remove them now. Don’t be worried if you see air bubbles, as they just mean that you did a good job clearing the lines when you closed the pool for winter.

Step 5: Reinstall Your Accessories

If you removed your an automatic pool cleaner, diving board, ladder, slide, or any other pool accessories, reinstall them now. To protect them from rusting, take the time to lubricate the bolts first.

Step 6: Replace the Pump Parts

Replace the drain plugs on your pump. If it has a multiport valve, you also need to replace the air bleeder, pressure gauge, and sight glass before turning the valve to Filter. Finally, look at the housing’s o-ring. If you see damage, such as cracking, replace it.

Step 7: Clean the Filter

You want to clean the filter before switching on the pump. If it’s a cartridge filter, remove it and wash it with the garden hose. You need to take apart a D.E. filter to clean it, and then reassemble it. If you have a sand filter, set the pump to backwash to clean it and then return it to the normal setting.

Step 8: Turn It On

It is now time to turn your pump back on, check for leaks, and make sure it pulls in water. If the pump doesn’t pull in water, priming it should help. Shut off the system and take off the lid. Fill the housing with water, close the lid again, and turn the pump back on.

Step 9: Clean the Pool

Grab your skimmer net and pool brush. First, skim any debris from the water’s surface. Next, thoroughly brush the pool, starting at the tile line and brushing straight down toward the drain.

Step 10: Check the Chemicals and Shock It

Take a water sample and check the chemical balance, adding the requisite chemicals. It’s also a good idea to shock the pool when you first open it. Then, let the pump run for 24 hours, vacuum it again, and retest the chemistry.

When to Open Your Pool

Unfortunately, climate differences across the country make it impossible to provide a definitive date on which to open your pool. Instead, we recommend paying attention to the weather in your area and opening your pool once temperatures regularly hit 70 degrees or warmer.

This is not your guideline for swim season, unless you have a heated pool. However, even though 70-degree days aren’t warm enough for swimming, those temperatures do promote algae growth. If your filter and pump aren’t running, the result is a green, swampy mess.

Another challenge once the weather warms is pollen, since warming temperatures indicate that plant growth is in full swing. Again, with your pump running, that pollen cycles through no problem. Without it, swamp time.

3 Lesser-Known Signs That Your Pool Water Is Out Of Balance

3 Lesser-Known Signs That Your Pool Water Is Out Of Balance

How do you know if your swimming pool is just a little gross, or a real health hazard?

Signs Your Water is Out of Balance

There are obvious, common signs we all know alerting you that the water in your pool or hot tub may be out of balance. These signs include strong signals such as a green mess of algae or the strong, burning aroma of too much chlorine. Then there are other signs that are not so obvious, but simple to catch if you are aware! Here are 3 lesser-known signals to watch for.

1) Cloudy or discolored water

Cloudy or discolored water is one of the first signs that the right amounts of chemicals aren’t in the pool.

2) Frequently adding water

It is important to keep an eye out for leaks. If you find yourself adding water to your pool frequently, that can dilute your pool water chemistry and eventually damage the plumbing.

3) Clear or pink slime

Look out for any clear or pink slime, especially if you use a garden hose to add water to your pool. A hose is the perfect environment for nasty slime to develop and filling your pool with a hose will transfer it right into your pool.

Damage to the Pool

Obviously no one wants to swim in cloudy, discolored or slimy water. The pools at the Rio Olympics turned bright green when the wrong chemicals were added, mixed with chlorine, and allowed algae to grow overnight. Unbalanced pool water like that is pretty gross to swim in and it can damage the pool itself, leaving stains on the pool’s surfaces or causing corrosion in the plumbing, as well as to any ladders, handrails, or pumps. And that can lead to costly repairs in the future.

If you want to avoid all of these hassles and ensure the water in your pool or hot tub stays balanced, consider a pHin smart monitor. This little device constantly monitors your water and automatically sends you the exact chemicals you need to keep the water in your pool and hot tub healthy. If you need someone to service your equipment, Pool Service on Demand instantly connects you to local, qualified pool techs.

 

Simple Fixes for Common Plumbing Problems in Your Pool

Part of owning a pool or hot tub means taking care of any problems that might occur, preferably while it’s still early days and the problem is easy – and inexpensive – to fix. While some issues, such as chemical balance, are simple to understand and correct, dealing with plumbing problems confuses most people.

Plumbing issues in particular require swift action. Waiting leads to further damage and expensive repairs. While fixing a plumbing problem may seem daunting, there are simple solutions to common plumbing problems pool owners experience.

Air in the System

Any air in your pool system can be a serious issue, as it restricts water flow. This may cause cloudiness in the pool or even lead to the filter tank bursting due to pressure build-up, which may not be apparent when viewing the filter pressure gauge. One symptom of an air leak in your system is when streams of air bubbles come from the water inlets into the pool. There are a few things that might cause air to enter your system, all of which have a simple remedy.

Check the water level of the pool, as a low water level can cause the surface skimmer to pull in air. If low water is the only issue, refill the pool to the proper level. Speaking of the surface skimmer, another component to inspect is the skimmer weir. The weir is the “flapper door” inside to mouth of the skimmer. It’s purpose is to actually create the “skimming action” by free-floating on the uppermost surface of the pool water level. The weir can become faulty and stick in the mouth closed position, literally creating a dam effect inhibiting the flow of water.

Other common causes can be the circulation pump and valves, typically located on the suction side and in front of the pump. The circulation pump has a hair and lint strainer pot with a cover and gasket / o-ring. When the gasket o-ring becomes flattened or the cover becomes damaged (cracked or warped), it can break the airtight seal, allowing air to flow into your filtration system. For valves, a cover is sealed by a gasket or o-ring and may begin to leak, the lid can warp or crack and let in air.

To determine if the circulation pump or a valve is the culprit of your air leak, start up the system and relieve any existing air by opening up the air bleed valve on top of the filter tank. Once the gauge has achieved the expected pressure, turn off the system and watch the pump area. If there is a small spray of water in any of these areas, then you pinpointed the leak. From there, replace all necessary parts and remember that you should never let an air leak go unattended.

Dirt and Debris

Dirt and debris is at the forefront of every pool owner’s mind, though usually in the form of thinking about cleanliness and water chemistry. However, dirt and debris can enter the plumbing and cause problems for you and your pool. Debris entering the filtration system can cause clogs or even wedge itself in valves and covers, letting in air. If the filter or strainer is clogged with debris, clean the strainer, then backwash the filter or change the cartridge. Dirt and debris may also clog the skimmer line, so your pool filter fails to work properly. If this is the case, turn off the pool pump and (if possible) the power to the motor. Clear any existing debris from the basket and use a plumbing snake designed for the particular type of plumbing to remove the clog from the skimmer’s piping.

Changes in Filter Pressure

The filter in your pool or hot tub must work perfectly to ensure optimum water safety.  A change in filter pressure is a common problem that, luckily, has an easy fix. Decreases in filter pressure are usually caused by clogs, trapped air, or incorrect valve settings. This can be remedied by checking valve settings, clearing suction lines, or replacing damaged hardware. Increases in filter pressure are usually caused by something blocking the filter, such as debris or an algae bloom blocking inside the filter. This can be prevented with regular pool cleanings and consistently clearing your pool of algae.

A pHin smart monitor helps ensure the water in your pool or hot tub stays perfectly balanced. If you prefer to hire professionals for your plumbing issues, check out Pool Service on Demand, where you can connect with qualified, local pool care professionals.